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Hawaiian Islands Climate Synthesis Products
The goal of the Hawaiian Islands Climate Synthesis Project has been to develop comprehensive, science-based syntheses of current and projected future climate change and impacts on, and adaptation options for, terrestrial and freshwater resources within the main Hawaiian Islands. This project is part of the Pacific Islands Climate Change Cooperative's multi-year Hawaiian Islands Terrestrial Adaptation Initiative. For more information on the project background, workshop series, and webinars, please visit the project page. If you have any questions, please contact Rachel M. Gregg.

Product Descriptions
The Hawaiian Islands Climate Vulnerability and Adaptation Synthesis report presents the results of the major project components - climate impacts assessment, vulnerability assessment, and adaptation planning - and provides an inter-island analysis of the findings. More detailed information is available in the individual vulnerability assessment syntheses and adaptation summaries, and should be referred to for decision support.

The vulnerability assessment syntheses are longer (20+ pages) state-of-the-science technical products that provide a more comprehensive understanding of the vulnerability assessment process, examines key vulnerabilities, and provides in-depth discussions of potential impacts for a given habitat/ecosystem service.

The adaptation summaries present a brief overview of vulnerability and includes adaptation options for a given habitat/ecosystem service. These summaries include tools to help practitioners evaluate and prioritize adaptation options based on adaptation approach, timeframe, effectiveness, feasibility, and ease of reversibility.

The two-page vulnerability-adaptation briefs describe key climate and non-climate vulnerabilities, adaptive capacity factors, and adaptation options to help reduce vulnerabilities.
 
All products are available below by island or island group.
 
Maui, Lāna'i, and Kaho'olawe
        Alpine/Subalpine
   Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Dry forest
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief
        
        Mesic and wet forest
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Anchialine pools
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Beaches and shorelines
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Estuaries
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Streams
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

        Groundwater, seeps, and springs
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Aesthetic values
           Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Cultural knowledge and heritage values    
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Flood and erosion control
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Food and fiber
    
Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Fresh water
    
Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

Recreation and tourism
     Vulnerability Synthesis        Adaptation Summary        Brief

O'ahu
Sandy and rocky shorelines
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Estuaries
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Lowland wetlands
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Upland wetlands
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Streams
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Dry forest
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Mesic and wet forest
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Cultural knowledge and heritage values
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Flood and erosion control
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Fresh water
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief
 
Hawai'i
Alpine/Subalpine
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Aquatic (streams, groundwater, freshwater wetlands)
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Beaches and cliffs
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief
 
Anchialine pools
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief
 
Estuaries and fishponds
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Dry forest
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Mesic and wet forest
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Cultural knowledge and heritage values
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Flood and erosion control
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Food and fiber
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Fresh water
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief
 
Kaua'i
Cultural coastal habitats (salt ponds, fishponds, kalo, iwi)
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Estuaries and coastal wetlands
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Shorelines  
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Lowland wetlands
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Upland wetlands
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Streams
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Mesic and wet forest
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Cultural knowledge and heritage values
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Flood and erosion control
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Food and fiber
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary       Brief

Fresh water
     Vulnerability Synthesis       Adaptation Summary        Brief